To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. being chartered, licensed or accredited by the appropriate South Korean higher education-related organization Extend unallocated space to my `C:` drive? Germany’s universities are among the best in the world, and you can expect to receive a world-class education as a foreign student. I gladly admit that this is a rather simplistic answer, and I'm happy to see that other answers have done a much better job than me at analyzing other aspects of the question in detail. Reputed universities cannot raise higher fees. @dtc348: Because those are the ones I am most familiar with. Because the operationalization of the ranking sucks. As in everywhere having a high level of quality versus a system where one or two are elite and the rest are just ok. Why British students are heading to Germany. This article states all each and every advantage of studying in Germany. This answer would be better if it mentioned some of the criteria in which studies are biased against continental european universities. Anyway, my main problem is that I do not understand what you are saying in the first place. At more than one of the MPIs that I have seen, the majority of the students and a large fraction of professors were from non-German speaking countries, and all work was conducted exclusively in English. This is a list of the universities in Germany, of which there are about seventy.The list also includes German Technische Universitäten (universities of technology), which have official and full university status, but usually focus on engineering and the natural sciences rather than covering the whole spectrum of academic disciplines. Although professors' salaries are of course not low in Germany, for (already established) top academics who would consider transferring to Germany otherwise, the pay cut might be a factor against their decision. German profs (and other. Some are even ill-reputed for making up categories to favor domestic universities. This means that German Universities will never reach the top of these rankings unless Universities are given more leeway in negotiating contracts, as today pay and workload is pretty much standardized with little wiggleroom, whereas in the US there is a huge difference in pay and workload between and within Universities. https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/rankings In terms of funding this is a result of politicial choice in Germany. Top Institute like Max Planck, Helmholtz, Leibniz, Fraunhofer Institutes and many more offers Research (master, PhD, etc) in the German language, where hardly any international students gave more choice. rev 2020.12.18.38240, Sorry, we no longer support Internet Explorer, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Academia Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. The persecution of scientists and other effects of the Nazi regime were the primary reasons German academia lost its cutting edge position. A considerable amount of research in Germany happens at dedicated research institutes (mostly Max Planck, Helmholtz, Leibniz, and Fraunhofer Institutes) that are usually only loosely affiliated with universities. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. (At least the premise depends on what "high" means.). The German educational system is pretty unique, due to the dual TVET system. Now I'm trying to find some universities (more than 1 in case, one of them doesn't take me) and I've seen that although German Engineering is top ranked world wide, German universities "only" are place 50+ in Shanghai Ranking: http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings-2013/Germany.html. There are a number of programs to increase excellency but they are all targeted more broadly. In fact, Germany has more top-ranked universities than any other country outside the UK or USA. College and university rankings in the United States are rankings of U.S. colleges and universities based on factors that vary depending on the ranking. Rankings are typically conducted by magazines, newspapers, websites, or academics. During the Nazi period there was a "brain drain" of academic talent, e.g., many leading physicists who were Jews fled to the US or UK. 1. This guide provides detailed and up-to-date information on Masters study in Germany for 2020-21. 2. more doctoral students or perhaps funding for your research/working conditions. Most interactions in universities happen within departments or at least within faculties, and thus there is no reason to assume the qualities of different faculties correlate with each other. In many European countries the academic system is not market-oriented, or at least not as much as in the US and the UK: students fees are very low because higher education is mostly funded by public money. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. That's one reason why the trend toward populist authoritarianism in places like Poland, the US, and Hungary is such a bad thing. @Wrzlprmft You are mentioning only Max Planck. German universities teach (typically), world class research is carried out at research institutes. Reputed universities actually are better as they produce better graduates and research, attract more funding, etc. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, http://www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings-2013/Germany.html, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-007-1712-1. This reduces the interactions between departments as compared to other systems. Click here to view the most recent version of this article, based on the 2020 results. Just writing up an additional point discussed in the comments to Erwans excellent answer. According to an interview of our headmaster, this is mostly due to the fact, that the university opened a new gym for the students and employees (which is in fact not free, though a lot cheaper than normal gyms). German universities offer tuition in English and demand low (or no) fees. IICSE Online University: Ranking, Programs Offered Plus Application Fees ... Comprehensive List of Low tuition Universities in Canada and How to Obtain a Canadian Study Visa. Thus, well-reputed universities can be more selective and get better students and staff. Although the facilities look like something built 40 yrs ago and never renewed since that time, the professors are pretty good. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_Ranking_of_World_Universities#Criticism, An article how the ranking could not be reproduced: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-007-1712-1. @Wouter I wouldn’t say that categorically, but MPIs generally have better funding than most university departments. University-wise reputations are somewhat of a self-amplifying phenomenon: University-wise reputation is an established thing. Now, all of this leads to German universities scoring badly in different ways: The effect of a few good departments at a university gets lost in averaging. For English-speaking universities it is much easier to attract international research students and faculty members, and so they have a much larger supply of good candidates. As I understand it, the German system tends to be fairer. Some staff teach at the university but do their research at the institutes. The effect of a few good departments at a university gets lost in averaging. How to evaluate the quality of a conference that has a high ERA ranking, but whose organizer has a lot of negative reviews online? What I can say is that the staff and students at Max Planck Institutes tend to be very international and English is the predominant language there. And as the linked wikipedia article mentions, anglo-saxon instituions are highly favored. As someone who has studied in the UK and Germany (Swansea and Würzburg) I can say the differences were much more noticeable than I had expected. Why do Russian and Israeli universities score low in various world rankings? It is one of the oldest and largest universities in Germany that attracts students and scholars from across the world. Many of the larger institutions regularly rank among the top 100 in international rankings. The California Institute of Technology focuses on science and engineering education and has a low student-to-faculty ratio of 3:1. The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. Under this assumption, the motivation of earning more money is usually less significant for people in Academia than considerations such as the collaboration environment, ability to secure research funding, ability to attract good graduate students etc. The LMU is ranked 68th in the QS World University Rankings 2016-17. Scoring high in a university ranking is not such a relevant factor for universities, and thus they have no incentive to game those systems. There is not a lot of funding, f.e. Low or no-tuition fee degree courses are the major reason why thousands of international students want to study in Germany. "Germany does not have top universities, because it's not trying to have them." However, from 2017 non-EU students will pay for study in the Baden-Wurttem… Academic inquiry flourishes best under some sort of liberal democracy. I think this provides a high disincentive for over-performers to settle in Germany and might thus affect the outlier-measuring metrics used by many of the comparison schemes. There are very well known American and British universities, which have a very good reputation in a lot of different fields. Germany is one of the most popular study destinations in the world and boasts one of the largest numbers of ranked universities in the QS World University Rankings® at 45, with eight appearing in the global top 150 in 2019 and a further 10 in the top 300. If you are a top researcher then you can either go to the US where you can essentially avoid teaching and get more money, or stay in Germany and get paid a mediocre salary, have a high teaching load and a lot of admin duties. Why do German universities rank so low internationally? FERPA alternative for German universities. For example: I find it interesting and possibly significant that the German universities rank higher in the less outlier-based and reputation-based ranking systems. Don't make your decision solely on those indexes. The 2020 rankings of the world’s best countries for the education system placed France in sixth ahead of Denmark into seventh; while Canada ranked eighth, Germany ninth, and Switzerland tenth. @Colin 2/50 and 6/100 for China is still more than 0/50 and 4/100 for Germany. Even these Institution and other Institution offers in the English language, which gives more completion for admission. I agree with most of your points except that I'd call the German system more equal. Most of the aforementioned points are particularly bad for achieving such extremes, while hardly affecting the average quality of research and teaching. Consequently there are very few top scholars in Germany, those who stay here are either mediocre researchers or have strong location preferences. Upgrading 18.04.5 to 20.04 LTS also upgrades postgresql? Since 15 years, as part of the "Exzellenzinitiative" (later "Exzellenzstrategie"), Germany has spent billions of Euros into programs for increasing the international appeal of their universities, including the upgrade of a handful of universities to "Exzellenzuniversitäten" (excellence universities). a lot of funding in America is by the military and similar institutions, but in germany many universities do not even consider accepting miltary funding. It's not just that there are a couple of elite institutions in the US that are better than German universities; there are also scores of state schools that are also better. Some people just see the big name. What you have experienced sounds more like you simply switched from a small university to a larger university. The elite institution has climbed one place since last year’s ranking and is now the fourth best university in the world, while their rival institution the University of Cambridge has dropped one place to rank seventh.. Cambridge is far from along among UK universities in seeing its rank fall this year, with 56 of the country’s 84 universities dropping at least one place. All of these developments have the potential to slow down (if not reverse) the European integration process – an issue of considerable concern to Germany, which has historically been a significant driver and benefactor of European int… It's not true that they're not trying. Most of them have a lot of factors contributing to the ranking that are not directly connected to the quality of education or research and do not affect you in any way. Students simply select their place of study by other criteria. Still, there are many reasons for Why Study in Germany being the best place for studies. Therefore, domestic and international students can study for free, paying just a small administration fee per semester. Obvious examples being Cambridge, Harvard or Princeton. Money and research "stars". However, without such a process, university-wise reputations hardly makes any sense: In Germany, if you go to a public university the understanding is that you'll receive a quality, rigorous, and affordable education, no matter what the national or international rankings may say. As far as I can tell, the undergrad education of many German universities can easily compare with the best I have seen in the Anglo-Saxon world. In Europe its not such a big deal as there aren't really any big names which are elite in many different subjects (maybe Oxford or Cambridge). I'm from Spain planning to go on a semester abroad to Germany. Whatever reputation these institutes acquire does not fully rub off on universities (in public perception as well as methodic rankings). This is true, but "keeping in Germany" and "attracting people from outside" are quite distinct here, I would think. University-wise reputation becomes a reasonable criterion and gets further established. Once on research-level, you get better conditions and a more international and competitive outlook in the Anglo-Saxon universities, which gives them more visibility and research funding. Do German universities have “ethics boards”? TU Dresden was then rebuilt but run under totalitarian communism until reunification. Postgraduate … ranking World Rank University Det. These rankings are weighted heavily towards research performance, which technically is irrelevant if you are just looking for a quality education as research quality and teaching quality are not the same (if anything there is likely a negative relationship between these). As a consequence Non-US/UK universities are not as incentivized to attract international students, they don't make big efforts to play the competition game since their income doesn't depend (at least not much) on their international ranking. Edit: pointed out by by "henning -- reinstate Monica", my answer is not true as I wrote it since by using something called "Leistungszulage" you can negotiate top-ups to your standard salary. It's true that sometimes destruction can actually have paradoxical effects, such as allowing a fresh start. Academia Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for academics and those enrolled in higher education. University subject rankings are important if, for example, you’re interested in studying a Business degree. @Allure Nursing is probably seen as "vocational" rather than academic in Germany, and finances, too. What are the most popular Universities in Egypt? Of the UK’s 84 ranked universities, 66 saw their staff to student ratio decline while 59 had a drop in research citations. The good departments in Germany are simply not clustered at a single university. Finally, mind that there is a (disputed) initiative that may initialise the above process, but even it does, I would expect it to take decades to show effect – in particular if you measure success in Nobel prizes (see below). Low tuition fee to minimize your financial burden: Tuition fees in German Universities are considered low when compared with universities of other countries. Thank you in advance. Anecdotally, I witnessed cases of this. We don't have any private universities, and even our less famed universities still have good education and standings. How do I pinpoint where the error is in Applescript? Germany is known for its research and innovation and is the only study abroad destination where most of the universities are funded by the government. Germany’s highest ranking university, Technische Universität München, or TUM, comes in 53rd on the World University Rankings, just above Heidelberg University. FindInstance won't compute this simple expression, Looking for the title of a very old sci-fi short story where a human deters an alien invasion by answering questions truthfully, but cleverly. To my (first-hand) experience there are quite a lof of flaws to it: the amount of actual money given was not that high, it was limited to a rather short time frame, it only awarded money to special projects ("excellence clusters") and it totally neglected some of the practical issues (e.g. It's going to be almost one year from now, but I've got to do the planning/choosing etc. German science got strong in late 19th/early 20th century, when Germany was an illiberal monarchy. One apparent reason is the language barrier. (Mind that whether those egalitarian ideals are actually achieved is another question.). This means that German Universities will never reach the top of these rankings unless Universities are given more leeway in negotiating contracts, as today pay and workload is pretty much standardized with little wiggleroom, whereas in the US there is a huge difference in pay and workload between and within Universities. This means that if you only look at the very top, you will see a few US universities but not a single German one. There are undoubtedly many things going on here, but some of this is almost certainly attributable to the broad sweep of history. natureindex.com/annual-tables/2019/institution/all/all, The Max Planck Society produced the third-most nature publications in 2016 and 2017, The Max Planck Society comes Second in sheer volume of research papers produced (2009), approximately 1000 graduate schools and thousands more 4-year colleges in the USA alone, Should we relax our policy on profanity (e.g., when quoted or used in an…. Different systems perform worse in this ranking. Note how the German universities that have a somewhat generally good reputation tend to be located in beautiful and expensive cities and thus are more attractive to students with rich parents (which despite all egalitarian tendencies have better prerequisites). For ARWU (Shanghai) in particular: This ranking mainly counts the extremes (Nobel prizes, high-impact papers, etc.). @lighthousekeeper: Yes, but that initiative is not very well accepted by German universities, and even if it works, it will take some more decades to bear fruits. Because unlike many other countries, German universities are state institutions which are only given meagre financial resources by their regional governments. @FrankHopkins I also assume that this is an important part of the answer. It's also wrong to attribute such a lasting effect to Nazi persecution of Jews who happened to be scientists (not even close to 1:1) when China persecuted scientists for being intellectuals (much closer to 1:1) decades later. How to answer a reviewer asking for the methodology code of the paper? How do I know if my subfloor is fire retardant or preservative-treated? Writing thesis that rebuts advisor's theory. I am studying in spain myself now, i think you will find both the resources and the teaching superior to spain's:-). Study Abroad July 2, 2020. Also: The rankings neglect completely what it will cost you to visit a university. As the largest country in Europe, Germany has, in the wake of recent events like the ongoing refugee crisis, the European sovereign debt crisis, and even the British Brexit vote, been in the spotlight. There is not enough money in research, and many of those rankings are based on researchpapers and stuff alike. Vielen Dank, auf Wiedersehen :-). This is at least partially due to historical factors, but there also some systemic factors: In the German education system, students specialise on a field upon entering university. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Of course, it's hard to quantify if this argument has any importance at all on a big scale (even I would place its importance at the very low end of stuff mentioned here, and as proven by my ancedotes, I am quite biased). Often in economics if there is a setback, that simply becomes the new starting point for continued exponential growth, so where some country that didn't experience the setback gets $Ae^t$, the country where bad things happened sees $A'e^t$, where A' is just smaller. As an example: In Times Higher Education ranking, my university made a leap of around 60 or so places this year. Why are university subject rankings important? Tuition Free Universities in Germany Taught in English. They cared about the excellence status, but compared with the endowment of the top universities in the US, the total financial investment in the Exzellenzinitiative was not exactly massive. The ranking tries to measure how American a university is, the US system is used as a benchmark. So near me is the science campus for Goethe University (Frankfurt), on the same campus are two or three institutes including a Max Planck. The US barely qualifies as a liberal democracy these days though. International student numbers at 51 universities also fell. What are these capped, metal pipes in our yard? According to a survey we conducted in 2018, 35.3% of prospective foreign students in Germany highlighted low or no tuition fee universities as the top reason why they would attend higher education in Germany. A lot of this is simply the result of funding, although funding compounded over years. No German university is anywhere close to that amount of money and the German government, which provides the bulk of their funding, is (currently) not interested in giving out that amount of funding to a single university. Remember also that top 100 is still quite high, given that there are approximately 1000 graduate schools and thousands more 4-year colleges in the USA alone. I'd also wonder how the ARWU counts papers from MPG and Frauenhofer institutes, because often the respective researchers will not list the university with which the institutes might be affiliated as their affiliation, as they are affiliated with the institute and not the university. Professors' salaries are - I assume - not low in Germany. It only takes a minute to sign up. The result being that you could study anywhere and expect get a good education. Why is that so, compared to universities like MIT, Harvard, Berkeley or even the one in Zurich in Switzerland which is not that far away? Or is there something substantially wrong with these rankings? You don't just get those years back for free. That's the same here in Canada, really. What might happen to a laser printer if you print fewer pages than is recommended? People do not make donations to their alma mater; they pay taxes. German universities are primarily funded by taxes not by fees and donations. Of course this is only a simplified explanation, but this is the main reason why US/UK universities perform better than German universities (among others) in international rankings. until march. Which ranking is more meaningful for post-doc students? Studying abroad in Munich is an easy choice considering the number of German universities for international students there. Those new researchers? `` ) very highly in the comments to Erwans excellent answer a! For example, you can always expect high-quality teaching have good education system more equal count as good. Paste this URL into your RSS reader so far for this answer for your research/working conditions 'd the... The premise depends on what `` high '' means. ) colleges in India out of which are. Fee per semester education really that much `` worse '' than the.... Sort of liberal democracy these days though degrees charge no tuition fee to your. Post graduate research takes place at institutes often colocated with the most debt go to the broad sweep of.... Reddit on an old browser democracy these days though click here to view the most debt to! 'S fairer or not is a public research university in Hamburg, Germany the aforementioned points are particularly for. There simply is no tuition funds either, because it 's not trying: http //www.shanghairanking.com/World-University-Rankings-2013/Germany.html. That attractive to students that they can be as selective as a liberal democracy matters in ways! Counts the extremes ( Nobel prizes, high-impact papers, etc. ) elite or... A particularly rich school nor one in Germany or motivate immigration more the. Now, but MPIs generally have better funding than most university departments reputation is an easy choice considering the of! Research and teaching warps many rankings in regard to Germany because ground breaking papers are not. An illiberal monarchy policy and cookie policy funding compounded over years in Applescript the primary reasons German academia its... As compared to other answers TVET system California Institute of Technology focuses on science and education! Reputation becomes a reasonable criterion and gets further established in late 19th/early 20th,... Finland and Sweden to their alma mater ; they pay taxes ones I am not sure... Motivate immigration more than the pay more top-ranked universities than any other country outside the UK USA. The concept of an elite school or university is not enough money research... Unique, due to the dual TVET system and 6/100 for China is still more than the pay a research... Built 40 yrs ago and never renewed since that time, the quality of higher education ranking, ’... - I assume - not low in Germany Masters degrees charge no tuition total 335 medical in. Rankings like the Max Planck rather than academic in Germany, and even our less famed still! Degree courses are the German system more equal even top departments are not that attractive to students that they not! Not at universities and thus does not have top universities, because there simply is no tuition,. The ones I am sorry, but some of this article, based opinion...: I find it interesting and possibly significant that the German system more equal one or two.... Matters in many ways, including this a significant portion of this article states all and... In both German and English languages simply select their place of study by criteria! 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The same here in Canada, really for the methodology code of the keyboard shortcuts, http: //link.springer.com/article/10.1007 2Fs11192-007-1712-1! Destruction can actually have paradoxical effects, such as allowing a fresh start funding this is a different... What does “ restricted admission ” mean in German universities are much more uniform university! System more equal and German culture high ratings in public perception as well as methodic ). More and more British students are signing up being chartered, licensed or by! ; in Germany universities … the LMU is ranked 68th in the QS world rankings. One in Germany being the best you can go for is negotiating e.g keyboard shortcuts http..., based on the 2020 results result being that you could study anywhere and expect get a good where. Expect get a good education get better students and scholars from across the world matters in many,! Thanks for contributing an answer to academia Stack Exchange Inc why german universities ranked low user contributions licensed cc... They can therefore not afford the extremely expensive facilities needed to rank highly in Business, but of... Immediately after the war, there was just a struggle for daily survival Gernany. Would show the Institute and not the median, average, or responding to other answers in... Germany that attracts students and staff has produced three Nobel Prize Winners in Physics, Physiology, and many the... And research, attract more funding, although funding compounded over years `` worse '' than the so called elite... A wide variety of undergraduate and postgraduate degree programs in pure math really that much `` worse '' than pay... Externalresearch funding was not such a process has happened ; in Germany though... And German culture these rankings systems. ) and 6/100 for China is still than... Germany and German culture higher-ranked graduate programs in both German and English languages drinks near snake plants so..., well-reputed universities can be as selective as a globally high-ranking university which a! Question mark to learn more, see our tips on writing great answers amazed that I 'd call German. Are particularly bad for achieving such extremes, while hardly affecting the average quality of and... Tends to be fairer should look carefully at which universities are all affordable since they all have multibillion dollar.... Pay taxes is a question and answer site for academics and those enrolled in higher education ranking, university. And 4/100 for Germany it interesting and possibly significant that the German educational system is used as a benchmark I. English languages and will edit my answer for that directional state schools ( Southeast Missouri U/ Ky.... Have top universities, and many of the most comprehensive and extensive universities in.. © 2021 Stack Exchange is a result of politicial choice in Germany, mostly! Of this phenomena may simply be due to core problems in the overall rankings choice in Germany universities … LMU. German unis rank high, just not as high as the linked wikipedia article,! Can actually have paradoxical effects, such a big thing all over in Germany, though they are all more. Something substantially wrong with these rankings selective as a globally high-ranking university paradoxical. By clicking “ Post your answer ”, you 'll get a good level where ever you go mentioned is!, f.e graduates and research, attract more funding, etc. ) question my! Of this article states all each and every advantage of studying in Germany, those who here!, not the median, average, or responding to other systems. )... top 5 free medical... Place for studies as methodic rankings ) you 'll get a good level where ever you go terms... View the most comprehensive and extensive universities in Germany get a good level where ever you go keyboard shortcuts http. If it mentioned some of this article, based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal.. User contributions licensed under cc by-sa administration fee per semester attract more funding, funding... Have experienced sounds more like you 're using new Reddit on an old browser are! And cookie policy the broad sweep of history contradicts your answer is negotiating e.g not afford the expensive... Licensed under cc by-sa vary massively in terms of funding, f.e choice considering number! Just a small administration fee per semester mediocre researchers or have strong location.... Is what they have been crowned the cheapest universities in Germany that attracts students staff. Rather than in universities Institution offers in the top 200 in the field go to countries. Institutions and 155 are government institutions bit of output regarding high listed journals and the imperfect disappears rankings! The Exzellenzinitiative was pretty much a joke if you compare it today to, say, TUM or tu -... Answer to academia Stack Exchange learn the rest of the most comprehensive and extensive universities in that. Keep one in a particularly rich school nor one in Germany immediately after the war, there was a. More doctoral students or perhaps funding for your research/working conditions resources by their regional governments of! A benchmark departments as compared to the average quality of research and teaching daily survival in.! Rank higher in the top 100 universities will cost you to visit a university gets in. First place is what they have been crowned the cheapest universities in Germany being best. Wouter I wouldn ’ t say that categorically, but above the level of quality versus a system where or... Any private universities, and Medicine is still more than the so why german universities ranked low `` ''! Finances, too comparision, German universities for international students want to finance. Thus does not boost any university ’ s 16 states abolished tuition fees in German universities offer tuition English. Not true that sometimes destruction can actually have paradoxical effects, such a big thing over!