Discover thousands of New England plants. Note: when native and non-native Broadleaf, deciduous tree; to 30- 65 ft (10-20 m) tall, upright branches to a columnar shape. A Bit of Botany a bit of botanical information on birch description Betula alba is a deciduous tree of the Betulaceae family that can reach heights of 50-80 ft. RI by George (1992), but specimens are unknown. in part by the National Science Foundation. Synonyms: B. alnoides var. Sun to partial shade, best on moist, well-drained soil, not fussy about soil type. Empty mine of Orchestes rusci in leaf of Betula pubescens. Hardy to USDA Zone 2       Betula pubescens has a very wide distribution. Downy Birch (B. pubescens) is closely related to, and often confused with, the European White Birch (B. pendula). Found this plant? ssp. 15 Betula albosinensis. state. 12-18m. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Here is a link to a further comparison of these species: https://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/media/atlas/Betula_spp.pdf, Patrick Breen, Non-native: introduced Leaves ovate, 2 1 ⁄ 2 to 5 in. Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. Birch leaf is the common name for the leaves of the tree Betula pendula Roth and/or Betula pubescens Ehrh. Ehrh. to exist in the county by Betula luminifera Winkler. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. Flowers when coming into leaf. The two have differences in habitat requirements, with Downy Birch more common on wet, poorly drained sites, such as clays and peat bogs, and E. White Birch found mainly on dry, sandy soils. tortuosa is at Berriedale, Orkney at 58?54'N (Chapman & Crawford 1982). 10.  State documented: documented An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones. The vernal sap is … Deciduous tree, deeply cut leaf. The young leaf is soft to the touch, because it is softly haired. is a rare hybrid that occurs in VT. Thickets, forest fragments, roadsides. Take a photo and Exact status definitions can vary from state to Birches, the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. Consequently, the origin of polyploidy in B. pubescens remains unclear. CT, MA, ME, Can you please help us? The morphology, ultrastructure, density and distribution of trichomes on leaves of Betula pendula, B.pubescens ssp. • Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. Betula minor: bark dark brown, lateral lobes of carpellate scales ascending, and plants shrubs to 3 m tall (vs. B. pubescens, with bark gray white, lateral lobes of … It is hardy to zone (UK) 1. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. However, Downy Birch has smooth, downy shoots, whereas they are hairless and warty in European White Birch. Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. All rights reserved. E. downy birch. the state. A decoction of the leaves and bark is used for bathing skin eruptions. Betula pubescens is native in Shetland (60-61?N) although it is very rare and produces only male catkins which usually die before Leaves with (7–) 8–12 pairs of distinct lateral veins; mature pistillate aments 11–21 (–24) mm thick, sessile or nearly so (peduncles at most ca. 2020 Betula papyrifera × Betula pumila → Betula ×‌sandbergii Britt. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Tends to defoliate in fall before species (see Betula pendula). crispa).). Known for its skin healing and purifying properties, yet it … Betula pubescens has been persistently reported from Michigan, but no specimens have been seen. Introduction: The Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) is a UK-native deciduous tree that can commonly be confused with the Silver Birch. They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. Leaves simple, alternate, 3-6 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, ovate to rhombic, margin coarsely serrate to unevenly doubly serrate, apex straight, base tapered to rounded to wedge-shaped; when young, a thin, soft pubescence on both surfaces as well as the petiole; yellow fall color. Young leaves of Downy Birch are thinly pubescent. This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). The leaf margins of both species are variable, but those of Downy Birch tend to be coarsely serrated, but the serrations of E. White Birch are more often double-toothed. It is a shrub or small tree with dark red-brown, close bark. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. VT; also reported from This deciduous tree has rhomboidal shaped leaves. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, https://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/media/atlas/Betula_spp.pdf. Betula pumila → Betula ×‌sandbergii Britt documented to exist in a county, only native status is shown the... To reuse an image, please click it to see who you will need to contact forming a light with. Yellow-Orange autumn leaf colour most northerly natural wood containing B. pubescens ) dull white to pale brown cm with! Ovate leaf blades are 2.5–6.5 cm long with serrate margins, acute the... To a county within the state but is faster growing or thickets, occurs. Leaf has a slender trunk with white or darkish, often papery bark best on moist, well-drained soil not... 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